Mirza Ibrahim Khan Hakim-al-Molk

Mirza Ibrahim Khan Hakim-al-Molk

Mirza Ibrahim Khan Hakim-al-Molk, son of Mira Abulhassan Hakim Bashi was born in Tabriz in 1909. Until 1927 he studied at Tabriz Mozafari polytechnic and in the same year he went to Tehran and continued studying in Tehran polytechnic. Due to the spread of cholera ...

Mirza Ibrahim Khan Hakim-al-Molk, son of Mira Abulhassan Hakim Bashi was born in Tabriz in 1909. Until 1927 he studied at Tabriz Mozafari polytechnic and in the same year he went to Tehran and continued studying in Tehran polytechnic. Due to the spread of cholera in Tehran in 1931 Mirza Ibrahim Khan, who had finished his education in polytechnic, he returned to Tabriz and talked to his brother Nosrat-al-Hokama about his interest in higher education. Finally the efforts of the older brother bore fruit and he was able to receive permission for higher education abroad from the crown prince, Mozafar-al-Din Mirza. In 1931, Mirza Ibrahim Khan headed to Paris to study medicine. This education took a few years and was left unfinished in the end.

In the first trip of Mozafar-al-Din Shah to Europe, Mirza Ibrahim Khan went to Austria to welcome him and after that he was obligated to accompany the Shah; so he returned to Tehran and started serving in the court as Salam Waiter. He soon progressed and in 1941, in Mozafar-al-Din Shah’s second trip abroad he was his personal doctor. One year later, after the death of Mirza Mahmoud Khan Hakim-al-Molk, Mirza Ibrahim Khan was designated as Hakim-al-Molkbut four months later he was expelled because he had prescribed a wrong medicine for the king and Dr. Khalil Khan A¢lam-al-Doleh replaced him.

Mirza Ibrahim Khan was still among the circle of the court and accompanied the king on his third trip abroad in 1944. Mirza Ibrahim Khan Hakim-al-Molk became familiar with masonry way of thought during his education in France and he intended on establishing this organization in Iran. His efforts and comrades bore fruit finally in 1945 and in the same year an order to establish the Iran awakening loge was issued by the Gran Orion Freemasonry Loge in Paris. He, who was a constitutionalist, formed the secret committee of national revolution with other members of the awakening loge like Hussein Gholi Khan Navab, Mirza Suleiman Meikadeh, Sayyed Abdul-Rahim Khalkhali, Sayyed Mohammad Reza Mosavat, Sayyed Hassan Taghizadeh, Malek-al-Motekalemin and some other. Among the aims of this committee was fighting the opponents of constitution, forming military force and exciting the people using preachers and sermons. The meetings of this masonry-like committee took place every midnight in the house of Mirza Ibrahim Khan Hakim-al-Molk and the members dispersed before sunrise. With the constitution’s victory, the national parliament was formed and on March 14th 1908, Mirza Ibrahim Khan was also appointed as a member of the parliament instead of a resigned representative. He joined Taghizadeh’s group in the parliament and was active in the Azerbaijan club who had radical views.

On the day the parliament was bombarded, Mirza Ibrahim Khan fled to the Amin-al-Doleh Park with Sayyed Abdollah Behbahani, Sayyed Mohammad Tabatabaei and others and hid in that park until midnight when using disguise and the darkness, he reached the French embassy and sought asylum. To mention one of his most important actions is taking out the documents related to the awakening loge from Zahir-al-Doleh’s house before the bombardment of the parliament.

He was able to take these documents to the French embassy with one other member of the loge. After 20 days of sanctuary in the French embassy he was forgiven and left that place. During the minor oppression in Tehran he worked a lot against Mohammad Ali Shah and joined the conquerors after Tehran was captured. He was one of the 28 members of the supreme commission which was formed to investigate the country’s affairs. The first steps of this committee was to appoint Ahmad Mirza, the crown prince, as king, formation of charity commission to supply the country’s most urgent needs which was the financial affairs’ reform commission.  The commission performed some appointments too one of which was appointing Hakim-al-Molk as the court deputy minister. Hakim-al-Molk was chosen as Azerbaijan’s representative in the second round of the national parliament and he again established the democratic radical party with Sayyed Hassan Taghizadeh, Hussein Gholi Navab and Sayyed Mohammad Reza Mosavat.

After eight months in July 1910 he resigned from the parliament and was appointed as finance minister in Mostoufi-al-Mamalek’s cabinet and his ministry was short too and he resigned after four months due to disagreement between the moderate and the radical members of the cabinet. He was also appointed ministry in Mohammad Vali Khan Tonekaboni and Samsam-al-Saltaneh’s cabinets too. In the Pahlavi regime he was appointed as prime minister three times and assigned to the senate for a few courses and also was given other various positions too. Mirza Ibrahim Khan Hakim-al-Molk died in Tehran in 1959.

مشاهده مطلب
Comment
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  •  
  •  

Contact us : (9821+) 2260 4037-38 - Info@iichs.ir
Copyright © 2012 IICHS. All Rights Reserved
The opinions expressed by contributors pertain solely to them and do not represent the views of IICHS
The reproduction of articles is free by announcing the resource